Aerosol characteristics and aerosol radiative forcing over Maitri, Antarctica

Gadhavi, H. ; Jayaraman, A. (2004) Aerosol characteristics and aerosol radiative forcing over Maitri, Antarctica Current Science, 86 (2). pp. 296-304. ISSN 0011-3891

PDF - Publisher Version

Official URL:


During the 20th Indian Antarctic expedition conducted in January-February 2001, a detailed study on the aerosol spectral optical depth, mass concentration and size-distribution along with columnar ozone and watervapour concentrations was made from the Indian station, Maitri (70.77° S, 11.73° E). A low aerosol optical depth of about 0.03 at 400 nm wavelength and a dry aerosol mass concentration of about 7 µg/m3 for the PM10 particles are found for this anthropogenically least-affected continent on the earth. The aerosol sizedistribution reveals that about 63% of the total aerosol mass comes from particles of size greater than 1 µm, which are of mainly natural origin. Average columnar ozone and total precipitable water-vapour content during the observation period were found to be 271.6 DU and 0.147 cm respectively, and the observed day-to-day variations are explained using air back-trajectory analysis. Estimation of aerosol radiative forcing over Maitri reveals a positive forcing of 0.95 W/m2 at the top of the atmosphere and -0.83 W/m2 at the surface. Using model calculations, it is shown that these forcing values can have large annual variation both in magnitude and sign due to variation in the sun-earth geometry, typical of a polar region, even if we assume a constant aerosol amount throughout the year.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Current Science Association.
ID Code:13416
Deposited On:11 Nov 2010 08:56
Last Modified:16 May 2016 22:35

Repository Staff Only: item control page