Temperature and pressure dependence of the Raman spectrum of crystalline P4S3

Chattopadhyay, T. ; Carlone, C. ; Jayaraman, A. ; Schnering, H. G. V. (1981) Temperature and pressure dependence of the Raman spectrum of crystalline P4S3 Physical Review B, 23 (6). pp. 2471-2483. ISSN 0163-1829

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Official URL: http://prb.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v23/i6/p2471_1

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.23.2471


The Raman spectrum of P4S3 has been investigated as a function of temperature (10 to 320 K) at ambient pressure and as a function of hydrostatic pressure to 86 kbars at room temperature. External and internal mode frequencies have been identified by studying the spectrum in solution and by observing pressure-induced changes in the spectrum. The external modes, which are believed to be due to the librational motion of the molecules in the crystal, disappear completely at the crystalline-plastic phase transition near 314 K, leaving only a wing to the Rayleigh scattered component. From this result it is concluded that the P4S3 molecules gain rotational freedom in the high-temperature plastic β phase. The external mode frequencies arparticularly strongly pressure dependent whereas the internal mode frequencies are affected to a lesser extent by pressure.The low-temperature spectrum reveals crystal-field and Davydov splitting because of line narrowing, while pressureenhances these splittings because of stronger intermolecular interaction resulting from compression. The external mode spectrum is richer at high pressure due to increased resolution resulting from a selective pressure effect on the external mode frequencies. The dv/dP data are analyzed in terms of the scaling law for the Gruneisen parameter proposed by Zallen. The volume and the phonon excitation contributions to dv/dT are analyzed.

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