Gibbs energies of formation of rare earth oxysulfides

Akila, R. ; Jacob, K. T. ; Shukla, A. K. (1996) Gibbs energies of formation of rare earth oxysulfides Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 18 (1). pp. 163-168. ISSN 1073-5615

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The standard Gibbs energy change accompanying the conversion of rare earth oxides to oxysulfides by reaction of rare earth oxides with diatomic sulfur gas has been measured in the temperature range 870 to 1300 K using the solid state cell: Pt/Cu+Cu2S/R2O2S+R2O3||(CaO)ZrO2||Ni+NiO, Pt where R=La, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, and Dy. The partial pressure of diatomic sulfur over a mixture of rare earth oxide (R2O3) and oxysulfide (R2O2S) is fixed by the dissociation of Cu2S to Cu in a closed system. The buffer mixture of Cu+Cu2S is physically separated from the rare earth oxide and oxysulfide to avoid complications arising from interaction between them. The corresponding equilibrium oxygen partial pressure is measured with an oxide solid electrolyte cell. Gibbs energy change for the conversion of oxide to the corresponding oxysulfide increases monotonically with atomic number of the rare earth element. Second law enthalpy of formation also shows a similar trend. Based on this empirical trend Gibbs energies of formation of oxysulfides of Pr, Eu, Ho, and Er are estimated as a function of temperature.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag.
ID Code:12926
Deposited On:11 Nov 2010 08:24
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