Inter- and intra-crystalline ion-exchange equilibria in the system Fe-Cr-Al-O

Petric, A. ; Jacob, K. T. (1982) Inter- and intra-crystalline ion-exchange equilibria in the system Fe-Cr-Al-O Solid State Ionics, 6 (4). pp. 47-56. ISSN 0167-2738

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The tie lines delineating ion-exchange equilibria between FeCr2O4---FeAl2O4 spinel solid solution and Cr2O3---Al2O3 solid solution with corundum structure have been determined at 1373 K by electron microprobe and EDAX point count analysis of oxide phases equilibrated with metallic iron. Activities in the spinel solid solution are derived from the tie lines and the thermodynamic data on Cr2O3---Al2O3 solid solution available in the literature. The oxygen potentials corresponding to the tie-line composition of oxide phases in equilibrium with metallic iron were measured using solid oxide galvanic cells with CaO---ZrO2 and Y2O3---ThO2 electrolytes. These electrochemical measurements also yield activities in the spinel solid solution, in good agreement with those obtained from tie lines. The activity-composition relationship in the spinel solid solution is analysed in terms of the intra-crystalline ion exchange between the tetrahedral and octahedral sites of the spinel structures. The ion exchange is governed by site-preference energies of the cations and the entropy of cations mixing on each site.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
ID Code:12917
Deposited On:11 Nov 2010 08:26
Last Modified:03 Jun 2011 10:09

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