Patients with Diabetes Mellitus are Prone to Develop Severe Hepatitis and Liver Failure due to Hepatitis Virus Infection

Singh, Kumar K. ; Panda, Subrat K. ; Shalimar, ; Acharya, Subrat K. (2013) Patients with Diabetes Mellitus are Prone to Develop Severe Hepatitis and Liver Failure due to Hepatitis Virus Infection Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology, 3 (4). pp. 275-280. ISSN 09736883

[img] PDF

Official URL:

Related URL:


Background: Acute viral hepatitis (AVH) is usually a self-limiting illness. Diabetics are prone to develop liver diseases and liver regeneration is impaired in them. Natural course of AVH in diabetics has not been assessed and may be severe. Design: Observational prospective study to evaluate natural course of AVH in patients with and without diabetes mellitus. Consecutive patients with AVH were included and categorized in to those with or without diabetes. Etiology, complications, mortality and recovery parameters of AVH were identified and compared between two groups. Results: 131 consecutive AVH between March 2007 and March 2009 were evaluated; 12 diabetics and 83 non-diabetics (n = 95) were included for analysis. Hepatitis E was the commonest cause (n = 55, 57.89%) in the whole cohort. However, Hepatitis B virus (HBV) as the etiology was significantly higher among diabetics than in non-diabetics (58.33% vs. 25.3%, P = 0.02). In contrast, hepatitis E was the etiology in 61.44% of non-diabetics. Frequency of severe hepatitis was significantly higher in diabetics than in non-diabetics (5/12; 41.67% vs. 9/83; 10.64%, P < 0.005). 5 of 14 (36%) with severe hepatitis were diabetics. Liver failure and death occurred in 2 (16%) diabetics, while none among the non-diabetics had liver failure. Multiple variable logistic regression analysis revealed that acute hepatitis B (OR 4.7 (95% CI 1.34-16.47)) and diabetes (OR 4.0 (95% CI 0.96-16.47)) were associated with severe hepatitis. Conclusion: Patients with diabetes are at risk to contact HBV infection and severe hepatitis.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Inc.
Keywords:ALF, acute liver failure; ALT, alanine transaminase; AVH, acute viral hepatitis; BMI, body mass index; HAV, hepatitis A virus; HBV, hepatitis B virus; HEV, hepatitis E virus; LFT, liver function tests; NAFLD, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; acute viral hepatitis; diabetes; severe hepatitis
ID Code:128962
Deposited On:22 Nov 2022 09:44
Last Modified:22 Nov 2022 09:44

Repository Staff Only: item control page