A Novel Salt-tolerant l-myo-Inositol-1-phosphate Synthase from Porteresia coarctata (Roxb.) Tateoka, a Halophytic Wild Rice

Majee, Manoj ; Maitra, Susmita ; Dastidar, Krishnarup Ghosh ; Pattnaik, Sitakanta ; Chatterjee, Anirban ; Hait, Nitai C. ; Das, Kali Pada ; Majumder, Arun Lahiri (2004) A Novel Salt-tolerant l-myo-Inositol-1-phosphate Synthase from Porteresia coarctata (Roxb.) Tateoka, a Halophytic Wild Rice Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279 (27). pp. 28539-28552. ISSN 0021-9258

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M310138200

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M310138200


L-myo-Inositol-1-phosphate synthase (EC, MIPS), an evolutionarily conserved enzyme protein, catalyzes the synthesis of inositol, which is implicated in a number of metabolic reactions in the biological kingdom. Here we report on the isolation of the gene (PINO1) for a novel salt-tolerant MIPS from the wild halophytic rice, Porteresia coarctata (Roxb.) Tateoka. Identity of the PINO1 gene was confirmed by functional complementation in a yeast inositol auxotrophic strain. Comparison of the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of PINO1 with that of the homologous gene from Oryza sativa L. (RINO1) revealed distinct differences in a stretch of 37 amino acids, between amino acids 174 and 210. Purified bacterially expressed PINO1 protein demonstrated a salt-tolerant character in vitro compared with the salt-sensitive RINO1 protein as with those purified from the native source or an expressed salt-sensitive mutant PINO1 protein wherein amino acids 174-210 have been deleted. Analysis of the salt effect on oligomerization and tryptophan fluorescence of the RINO1 and PINO1 proteins revealed that the structure of PINO1 protein is stable toward salt environment. Furthermore, introgression of PINO1 rendered transgenic tobacco plants capable of growth in 200-300 mM NaCl with retention of ∼40-80% of the photosynthetic competence with concomitant increased inositol production compared with unstressed control. MIPS protein isolated from PINO1 transgenics showed salt-tolerant property in vitro confirming functional expression in planta of the PINO1 gene. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a salt-tolerant MIPS from any source.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier B.V.
Keywords:Amino acids; Biosynthesis; Catalysis; Fluorescence; Genes
ID Code:127835
Deposited On:14 Oct 2022 11:56
Last Modified:14 Oct 2022 11:56

Repository Staff Only: item control page