Solar rotation rate during the cycle 24 minimum in activity

Antia, H. M. ; Basu, Sarbani (2010) Solar rotation rate during the cycle 24 minimum in activity Astrophysical Journal, 720 (1). pp. 494-502. ISSN 0004-637X

PDF - Publisher Version

Official URL:

Related URL:


The minimum of solar cycle 24 is significantly different from most other minima in terms of its duration as well as its abnormally low levels of activity. Using available helioseismic data that cover epochs from the minimum of cycle 23 to now, we study the differences in the nature of the solar rotation between the minima of cycles 23 and 24. We find that there are significant differences between the rotation rates during the two minima. There are differences in the zonal-flow pattern too. We find that the band of fast rotating region close to the equator bifurcated around 2005 and recombined by 2008. This behavior is different from that during the cycle 23 minimum. By autocorrelating the zonal-flow pattern with a time shift, we find that in terms of solar dynamics, solar cycle 23 lasted for a period of 11.7 years, consistent with the result of Howe et al. (2009). The autocorrelation coefficient also confirms that the zonal-flow pattern penetrates through the convection zone.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Astronomical Society.
Keywords:Sun: Activity; Sun: Helioseismology; Sun: Interior; Sun: Rotation
ID Code:12358
Deposited On:10 Nov 2010 06:23
Last Modified:16 May 2016 21:43

Repository Staff Only: item control page