Helioseismology and solar abundances

Basu, Sarbani ; Antia, H. M. (2008) Helioseismology and solar abundances Physics Reports, 457 (5-6). pp. 217-283. ISSN 0370-1573

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03701...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physrep.2007.12.002


Helioseismology has allowed us to study the structure of the Sun in unprecedented detail. One of the triumphs of the theory of stellar evolution was that helioseismic studies had shown that the structure of solar models is very similar to that of the Sun. However, this agreement has been spoiled by recent revisions of the solar heavy-element abundances. Heavy-element abundances determine the opacity of the stellar material and hence, are an important input to stellar model calculations. The models with the new, low abundances do not satisfy helioseismic constraints. We review here how heavy-element abundances affect solar models, how these models are tested with helioseismology, and the impact of the new abundances on standard solar models. We also discuss the attempts made to improve the agreement of the low-abundance models with the Sun and discuss how helioseismology is being used to determine the solar heavy-element abundances. A review of current literature shows that attempts to improve agreement between solar models with low heavy-element abundances and seismic inference have been unsuccessful so far. The low-metallicity models that have the least disagreement with seismic data require changing all input physics to stellar models beyond their acceptable ranges. Seismic determinations of the solar heavy-element abundances yield results that are consistent with the older, higher values of the solar abundance, and hence, no major changes to the inputs to solar models are required to make higher-metallicity solar models consistent with the helioseismic data.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Solar Interior; Helioseismology; Abundances
ID Code:12308
Deposited On:13 Nov 2010 13:29
Last Modified:16 May 2016 21:40

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