Studies on the monoamine oxidase of monkey brain

Oommen, Anna ; Balasubramanian, A. S. (1977) Studies on the monoamine oxidase of monkey brain Journal of Neurochemistry, 28 (3). pp. 645-654. ISSN 0022-3042

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A study of the enzyme monoamine oxidase (MAO) was carried out in the monkey brain. From the monkey brain mitochondrial fraction a lysolecithin-soluble form of the enzyme (MAOs) and an insoluble form (MAOp) were isolated. The latter required freezing, thawing and sonication for solubilization. Both these forms of MAO had identical electrophoretic mobilities, a pH optimum of 7 and comparable thermal stabilities. The enzyme which could not be solubilized and which remained membrane-bound also gave the same pH optimum of 7 and a similar thermal stability profile. Both MAOs and MAOp had comparable Km values of 2.2 × 10-5 m and 5.0 × 10-5 m respectively when using tyramine as substrate and 7.4 ×10-5 M and 7.7 × 10-5 m respectively with benzylamine as substrate. The Km values of the membrane-bound enzyme were 1.0 × 10-5 m with tyramine as substrate 2.5 × 10-5 m with benzylarnine as substrate. The MAO inhibitors, tranylcypromine, isocarboxazid and iproniazid inhibited both MAOs and MAOp to approximately the same extent. The extent of inhibition of the membrane-bound enzyme however, was relatively different with all three inhibitors. Immunodiffusion techniques using anti-MAOp indicated the immunological identity among MAOp, MAOs and the mitochondrial fraction. Substrate specificity and substrate competition experiments as well as the use of the selective inhibitor pargyline indicated the presence of both the 'A' and 'B' type of activity in the MAO isolated from monkey brain.

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