In humans, zona pellucida glycoprotein-1 binds to spermatozoa and induces acrosomal exocytosis

Ganguly, Anasua ; Bukovsky, Antonin ; Sharma, Raj K. ; Bansal, Pankaj ; Bhandari, Beena ; Gupta, Satish K. (2010) In humans, zona pellucida glycoprotein-1 binds to spermatozoa and induces acrosomal exocytosis Human Reproduction, 25 (7). pp. 1643-1656. ISSN 0268-1161

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Background: It has been suggested that the zona pellucida (ZP) may mediate species-specific fertilization. In human the ZP is composed of four glycoproteins: ZP1, ZP2, ZP3 and ZP4. In the present study, the expression profile of ZP1 in human oocytes and ovaries, and its role during fertilization, is presented. Methods: Human ZP1 (amino acid residues 26-551) was cloned and expressed in both non-glycosylated and glycosylated forms and its ability to bind to the capacitated human spermatozoa and to induce acrosomal exocytosis was studied. Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), specific for human ZP1 and devoid of reactivity with ZP2, ZP3 and ZP4 were generated and used to localize native ZP1 in oocytes and ovarian tissues. Results: The MAbs generated against ZP1 recognized specifically the zona m-atrix of secondary and antral follicles, ovulated oocytes, atretic follicles and degenerating intravascular oocytes, but failed to react with the Fallopian tube, endometrium, ectocervix and kidney. Escherichia coli and baculovirus-expressed recombinant human ZP1 revealed bands of ~75 and ~85 kDa, respectively, in western blot. Lectin binding studies revealed the presence of both N- and O-linked glycosylation in baculovirus-expressed ZP1. Fluorescein isothiocyanate-labelled E. coli- and baculovirus-expressed recombinant ZP1 bound to the anterior head of capacitated spermatozoa, however, only baculovirus-expressed ZP1 induced acrosomal exocytosis in capacitated sperm suggesting the importance of glycosylation in mediating the acrosome reaction. The human ZP1-mediated acrosome reaction involved the activation of both T- and L-type voltage-operated calcium channels, but does not activate the Gi-coupled receptor pathway. Inhibition of protein kinase A and C significantly also reduced the ZP1-mediated induction of the acrosome reaction. Conclusion: These studies revealed for the first time that in humans ZP1, in addition to ZP3 and ZP4, binds to capacitated spermatozoa and induces acrosomal exocytosis.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Oxford University Press.
Keywords:Zona Pellucida; Sperm Binding; Acrosome Reaction; Fertilization Monoclonal Antibodies
ID Code:12026
Deposited On:10 Nov 2010 05:04
Last Modified:02 Jun 2011 11:06

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