Optical, magnetic and magneto-transport properties of Nd 1-A Mn0.5Fe0.5O3-δ (A=Ca, Sr, Ba; x=0, 0.25)

Hossain, A. ; Gilev, A.R. ; Yanda, P. ; Cherepanov, V.A. ; Volegov, A.S. ; Sakthipandi, K. ; Sundaresan, A. (2020) Optical, magnetic and magneto-transport properties of Nd 1-A Mn0.5Fe0.5O3-δ (A=Ca, Sr, Ba; x=0, 0.25) Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 847 . p. 156297. ISSN 0925-8388

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2020.156297

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2020.156297


The effect of A-site doping by alkaline earth metals (A = Ca, Sr and Ba) on optical, magnetic, and electrical properties of Nd1-xAxMn0.5Fe0.5O3-δ (x = 0, 0.25) has been investigated. The UV-vis absorption spectra show that the A-site doping decreases the absorption. Two values of optical band-gap energy (Eg) can be estimated for each studied sample: the higher Eg value is associated with the charge transfer involving iron cations and the lower Eg value – with the charge transfer via manganese cations. Partial substitution of neodymium by alkaline earth metals decreases the Néel temperature (TN) and induces significant irreversibility between the zero-field cooled (ZFC) and field-cooled (FC) data below TN. The field-dependent magnetization at 3 K indicates antiferromagnetic ordering with a spin canting. Temperature dependencies of resistivity demonstrate the change from metallic to semiconductor-type conduction (with increasing temperature) at T=Tp<TN. The Tp temperature significantly decreases with doping. The introduction of alkaline earth metals in Nd1-xAxMn0.5Fe0.5O3-δ noticeably reduces the resistivity in the semiconducting region. The small polaron hopping (SPH) mechanism of conduction is suggested at T>TN. Within the range of Tp<T<TN, the resistivity data are interpreted by the variable range hopping (VRH) mechanism. A significant value of magnetoresistance (~ 44 %) is observed only for Nd0.75Sr0.25Mn0.5Fe0.5O3-δ at 120 K.

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