Induced birefringence in optically isotropic glass by a short pulsed Nd: YAG laser

Deb, Paramita ; Gupta, K. C. ; Murali, C. G. ; Dhareshwar, L. J. ; Godwal, B. K. (2006) Induced birefringence in optically isotropic glass by a short pulsed Nd: YAG laser Journal of Optics A: Pure & Applied Optics, 8 (10). pp. 903-908. ISSN 1464-4258

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We have observed laser induced birefringence in optically isotropic glasses as well as in Nd:YAG crystal using polarized pulses of wavelength 1.06 µm and duration 100 ps with an intensity near 109 W cm-2. The laser used in the experiment was a Nd:YAG oscillator-amplifier system. The change in the material induced by the laser was not a permanent change but existed for as long as the laser pulse lasted. We observed conoscopic patterns when the laser was passed through glass or the Nd:YAG crystal. These patterns are typically seen when light is passed through birefringent materials kept between a polarizer and analyser. This observation immediately suggests that the glass or the crystal possesses optical birefringence. This birefringence is demonstrated in fused silica glass, Nd:glass and Nd:YAG crystal. The circular symmetric conoscopic patterns show that the optic axis is formed along the direction of laser propagation. The laser induced birefringence depended on the laser intensity and we characterized the magnitude of this change by measuring the output pulse at the end of the crossed polarizer.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Institute of Physics Publishing.
ID Code:11939
Deposited On:13 Nov 2010 13:32
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