Discontinuation of antidepressant drugs during electroconvulsive therapy: a controlled study

Mayur, Prashanth M. ; Gangadhar, B.N. ; Subbakrishna, D.K. ; Janakiramaiah, N. (2000) Discontinuation of antidepressant drugs during electroconvulsive therapy: a controlled study Journal of Affective Disorders, 58 (1). pp. 37-41. ISSN 0165-0327

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-0327(99)00096-8

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-0327(99)00096-8


Background: The concurrent use of antidepressant drugs with ECT is recommended by a recent ECT guideline. The study aimed to examine differential therapeutic and side effect responses when antidepressants are discontinued or not during ECT. Methods: This study compared the effectiveness and side effect profile of unilateral ECT with antidepressant drugs (Group-1) or unilateral ECT with drug placebo (Group-2) in 30 major depressive disorder (DSM-IV) patients on antidepressants using a prospective randomised trial. Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD), Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), UKU scale, Columbia ECT side effect check list were used. The assessments were carried out before starting ECTs and at fixed intervals thereafter for four weeks. In addition, at six weeks a follow-up assessment was carried out using HRSD. ECTs were stopped after four weeks or earlier if patient obtained HRSD scores <8 and remained so for one week. Results: Continuation of antidepressant drugs with ECT conferred no therapeutic advantage. Barring tricyclic antidepressant induced anticholinergic side effects, no differential side effect profile was noted. At follow-up none relapsed in Group-2 and the mean HRSD scores between the groups did not differ. Limitation: The antidepressant treatment prior to ECT was uncontrolled. In addition, the design was not strictly double-blind. Conclusion: The study failed to support an advantage with antidepressant continuation during an ECT course in major depressive disorder.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:ECT; Antidepressant Drug; Drug-Discontinuation.
ID Code:119226
Deposited On:09 Jun 2021 06:43
Last Modified:09 Jun 2021 06:43

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