A study of the photodynamic efficiencies of some eye lens constituents

Krishna, C. Murali ; Uppuluri, Shobha ; Riesz, Peter ; Zigler Jr., J. Samuel ; Balasubramanian, D. (1991) A study of the photodynamic efficiencies of some eye lens constituents Photochemistry and Photobiology, 54 (1). pp. 51-58. ISSN 0031-8655

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1751-...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-1097.1991.tb01984.x


We have studied the photochemical quantum yields of singlet oxygen production (using the RNO bleaching method) and superoxide production (using the EPR-spin trapping method and the SOD-inhibitable ferricytochrome c reduction spectral assay) of kynurenine (Ky), N-formylkynurenine (NFK), 3-hydroxykynurenine (3HK), kynurenic acid (KUA), and the flavins, riboflavin (RF) and flavin mononucleotide (FMN). Such a study of the photodynamic efficiencies is important since these compounds appear endogenously in the eye. The singlet oxygen quantum yields of the flavins and KUA are high, while Ky and 3HK generate no detectable amounts of singlet oxygen. The superoxide quantum yields of the sensitizers are low compared to their singlet oxygen, and Ky and 3HK produce no detectable amounts of superoxide. The production of the superoxide radical is enhanced in the presence of electron donor molecules such as EDTA and NADH. These results suggest that the production of oxyradicals in the lens may be modulated by the presence of endogenous electron donor molecules such as the coenzymes NADH and NADPH, which are present in significant amounts in some lenses. They also suggest that Ky and 3HK, which are known to be present in aged lenses, might play a protective rather than a deleterious role in the eye.

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