Development and feasibility of yoga therapy module for out-patients with depression in India

Thirthalli, J ; Varambally, S ; Gangadhar, BN ; Naveen, GH ; Rao, MG ; Vishal, V (2013) Development and feasibility of yoga therapy module for out-patients with depression in India Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 55 (7). p. 350. ISSN 0019-5545

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Context: Evidence suggests that certain yoga practices are useful in the management of depression. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no study that deals with the formulation of a yoga module for the particular clinical features of depression. Aim: The main aim of our study was to develop a comprehensive yoga therapy module targeting specific clinical features of depression. Settings and Design: Specific yoga practices were matched for clinical features of depression based on a thorough literature review. A yoga program was developed, which consisted of Sukṣmavyayāma, (loosening exercises), äsanas (postures), relaxation techniques, Prāṇāyāma (breathing exercises) and chanting meditation to be taught in a 2 week period. Materials and Methods: A structured questionnaire was developed for validation from nine experienced yoga professionals. The final version of yoga therapy module was pilot-tested on seven patients (five females) with depression recruited from outpatient service of National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore. Results: The final yoga therapy module had those practices that received a score of three or more (moderately/very much/extremely useful) from all responders. Six out of nine (>65%) experts suggested Sūkśmavyāyāma should be included. Five out of nine experts opined that training with 10 sessions (over 2 weeks) is rather short. All experts opined that the module is easy to teach, learn and practice. At the pilot stage, the five patients who completed the module reported more than 80% satisfaction about the yoga practices and how the yoga was taught. Severity of depression substantially reduced at both 1 and 3 months follow-up. Conclusion: The developed comprehensive yoga therapy module was validated by experts in the field and was found to be feasible and useful in patients with depression.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Psychiatric Society.
Keywords:Antidepressant; Depression; Module; Out-Patients; Yoga.
ID Code:118711
Deposited On:28 May 2021 08:21
Last Modified:28 May 2021 08:21

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