One- and two-dimensional quantum models: Quenches and the scaling of irreversible entropy

Sharma, Shraddha ; Dutta, Amit (2015) One- and two-dimensional quantum models: Quenches and the scaling of irreversible entropy Physical Review E, 92 (2). ISSN 1539-3755

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Using the scaling relation of the ground state quantum fidelity, we propose the most generic scaling relations of the irreversible work (the residual energy) of a closed quantum system at absolute zero temperature when one of the parameters of its Hamiltonian is suddenly changed. We consider two extreme limits: the heat susceptibility limit and the thermodynamic limit. It is argued that the irreversible entropy generated for a thermal quench at low enough temperatures when the system is initially in a Gibbs state is likely to show a similar scaling behavior. To illustrate this proposition, we consider zero-temperature and thermal quenches in one-dimensional (1D) and 2D Dirac Hamiltonians where the exact estimation of the irreversible work and the irreversible entropy is possible. Exploiting these exact results, we then establish the following. (i) The irreversible work at zero temperature shows an appropriate scaling in the thermodynamic limit. (ii) The scaling of the irreversible work in the 1D Dirac model at zero temperature shows logarithmic corrections to the scaling, which is a signature of a marginal situation. (iii) Remarkably, the logarithmic corrections do indeed appear in the scaling of the entropy generated if the temperature is low enough while they disappear for high temperatures. For the 2D model, no such logarithmic correction is found to appear.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Physical Society.
ID Code:117181
Deposited On:16 Apr 2021 04:52
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 04:52

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