Quenches and dynamical phase transitions in a nonintegrable quantum Ising model

Sharma, Shraddha ; Suzuki, Sei ; Dutta, Amit (2015) Quenches and dynamical phase transitions in a nonintegrable quantum Ising model Physical Review B, 92 (10). ISSN 1098-0121

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.92.104306

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.92.104306


We study quenching dynamics of a one-dimensional transverse Ising chain with nearest neighbor antiferromagnetic interactions in the presence of a longitudinal field which renders the model nonintegrable. The dynamics of the spin chain is studied following a slow (characterized by a rate) or sudden quenches of the longitudinal field. Analyzing the temporal evolution of the Loschmidt overlap, we find different possibilities of the presence (or absence) of dynamical phase transitions (DPTs) manifested in the nonanalyticities of the rate function of the return probability. Even though the model is nonintegrable, there are periodic occurrences of DPTs when the system is slowly ramped across the quantum critical point (QCP) as opposed to the ferromagnetic version of the model; this numerical finding is qualitatively explained by mapping the original model to an effective integrable spin model which is appropriate for describing such slow quenches. Furthermore, concerning the sudden quenches, our numerical results show that in some cases, DPTs can be present even when the spin chain is quenched within the same phase or even to the QCP, while in some other situations they completely disappear even after quenching across the QCP. These observations lead us to the conclusion that it is the change in the nature of the ground state that determines the presence of DPTs following a sudden quench.

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ID Code:117179
Deposited On:16 Apr 2021 06:58
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