Exact results for the Floquet coin toss for driven integrable models

Bhattacharya, Utso ; Maity, Somnath ; Banik, Uddipan ; Dutta, Amit (2018) Exact results for the Floquet coin toss for driven integrable models Physical Review B, 97 (18). ISSN 2469-9950

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.97.184308

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.97.184308


We study an integrable Hamiltonian reducible to free fermions which is subjected to an imperfect periodic driving with the amplitude of driving (or kicking) randomly chosen from a binary distribution like a coin-toss problem. The randomness present in the driving protocol destabilises the periodic steady state, reached in the limit of perfectly periodic driving, leading to a monotonic rise of the stroboscopic residual energy with the number of periods (N). We establish that a minimal deviation from the perfectly periodic driving would always result in a {\it bounded} heating up of the system with N to an asymptotic finite value. Remarkably, exploiting the completely uncorrelated nature of the randomness and the knowledge of the stroboscopic Floquet operator in the perfectly periodic situation, we provide an exact analytical formalism to derive the disorder averaged expectation value of the residual energy through a {\it disorder operator}. This formalism not only leads to an immense numerical simplification, but also enables us to derive an exact analytical form for the residual energy in the asymptotic limit which is universal, i.e, independent of the bias of coin-toss and the protocol chosen. Furthermore, this formalism clearly establishes the nature of the monotonic growth of the residual energy at intermediate N while clearly revealing the possible non-universal behaviour of the same.

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