A peptidase activity exhibited by human serum pseudocholinesterase

Boopathy, Rathan-am ; Balasubramanian, Aiylam S. (1987) A peptidase activity exhibited by human serum pseudocholinesterase European Journal of Biochemistry, 162 (1). pp. 191-197. ISSN 0014-2956

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1987.tb10560.x


The identity of a peptidase activity with human serum pseudocholinesterase (PsChE) purified to apparent homogeneity was demonstrated by (a) co-elution of both peptidase and PsChE activities from procainamide-Sepharose and concanavalin-A-Sepharose affinity chromatographic columns; (b) comigration on polyacryl-amide gel electrophoresis; (c) co-elution on Sephadex G-200 gel filtration and (d) coprecipitation at different dilutions of an antibody raised against purified PsChE. The purified enzyme showed a single protein band on gel electrophoresis under non-denaturing conditions. SDS gel electrophoresis under reducing conditions, followed by silver staining, also gave a single protein band (Mr∼90000). Peptidase activity using different peptides showed the release of C-terminal amino acids. Blocking the carboxy terminal by an amide or ester group did not prevent the hydrolysis of peptides. There was no evidence for release of N-terminal amino acids. Potent anionic or esteratic site inhibitors of PsChE, such as eserine sulphate, neostigmine, procainamide. ethopropazine, imipramine, diisopropylfluorophosphate, tetra-isopropylpyrophosphoramide and phenyl boronic acid, did not inhibit the peptidase activity. An anionic site inhibitor (neostigmine or eserine) in combination with an esteratic site inhibitor (diisopropylfluorophosphate) also did not inhibit the peptidase. However, the choline esters (acetylcholine, butyrylcholine, propionylcholine, benzoylcholine and succinylcholine) markedly inhibited the peptidase activity in parallel to PsChE. Choline alone or in combination with acetate, butyrate, propionate. benzoate or succinate did not significantly inhibit the peptidase activity. It appeared that inhibitor compounds which bind to both the anionic and esteratic sites simultaneously (like the substrate analogues choline esters) could inhibit the peptidase activity possibly through conformational changes affecting a peptidase domain.

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