Identification of potential glycogen kinase-3 inhibitors by structure based virtual screening

Dessalew, Nigus ; Bharatam, Prasad V. (2007) Identification of potential glycogen kinase-3 inhibitors by structure based virtual screening Biophysical Chemistry, 128 (2-3). pp. 165-175. ISSN 0301-4622

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Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3) is a serine/threonine kinase that has attracted much drug discovery attention in recent years. Structural crystallography of the kinase has produced several high resolution inhibitor–GSK3 complexes and this is offering valuable information about the important pharmacophoric features present in the inhibitor, the protein target and the bioactive conformation. The availability of several GSK3–inhibitor co-crystals was successfully exploited to derive a pharmacophore query which retains the all important inhibitor–GSK3 interaction chemistry. A hypothesis containing three features: two hydrogen bond donors and one hydrogen acceptor was found to explain much of the inhibitor–GSK3 interaction. Subsequently, the query has been submitted to three databases for electronic screening. The hits obtained were docked into glycogen synthase kinase-3β active site. A total of 21 novel potential leads were proposed after thorough examination by a combination of methods: (i) visual examination of how well they dock into the glycogen synthase kinase-3β binding site, (ii) detailed analysis of their FlexX, G_Score, PMF_Score, ChemScore and D_Score values, (iii) comparative investigation of the docking scores of the hits with that of the thus far reported inhibitors (iv) determination of the binding mode and examination of how the hits retain interactions with the important amino acid residues of the kinase binding site. The hydrophobic heterocycles identified in this investigation are expected to be important additions to the armamentarium of GSK3 hyperactivity antagonism. Further more, the present work may further our current knowledge of the molecular basis of activation, inhibition and regulation of this pharmaceutically important kinase.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier B.V.
Keywords:GSK3; Pharmacophore Mapping; Virtual Screening; Docking; FlexX.
ID Code:116606
Deposited On:12 Apr 2021 10:20
Last Modified:12 Apr 2021 10:20

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