Size dependent damping in picosecond dynamics of single nanomagnets

Barman, A. ; Wang, S. ; Maas, J. ; Hawkins, A. R. ; Kwon, S. ; Bokor, J. ; Liddle, A. ; Schmidt, H. (2007) Size dependent damping in picosecond dynamics of single nanomagnets Applied Physics Letters, 90 (20). p. 202504. ISSN 0003-6951

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The authors use time-resolved cavity-enhanced magneto-optical Kerr spectroscopy to study the damping of magnetization precession in individual cylindrical nickel nanomagnets. A wide range of shapes (diameters of 5μm–125nm and aspect ratio: 0.03–1.2) is investigated. They observe a pronounced difference in damping between the micro- and nanomagnets. Microscale magnets show large damping at low bias fields, whereas nanomagnets exhibit bias field-independent damping. This behavior is explained by the interaction of in-plane and out-of-plane precession modes in microscale magnets that results in additional dissipative channels. The small and robust damping values on the nanoscale are promising for implementation of controlled precessional switching schemes in nanomagnetic devices. The authors thank B. Hillebrands and T. J. Silva for fruitful discussions, the National Science Foundation (Grant No. ECS-0245425), and Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy (Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231) for financial support.

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