Liquid flow through a diverging microchannel

Duryodhan, V. S. ; Singh, S. G. ; Agrawal, Amit (2013) Liquid flow through a diverging microchannel Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, 14 (1-2). pp. 53-67. ISSN 1613-4982

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In this work, experiments and three-dimensional numerical calculations of fluid flow through diverging microchannels were carried out with the aim of bringing out differences between flow in uniform and nonuniform passages. Deionized water was used as the working fluid in the experiments where the effects of mass flow rate (8.33 × 10−6 to 8.33 × 10−5 kg/s), microchannel hydraulic diameter (118–177 µm), length (10–30 mm) and divergence angle (4°–16°) on pressure drop were studied. The results are analyzed in detail with the help of numerical data. The pressure drop exhibits a linear dependence on the mass flow rate, whereas it is inversely proportional to the divergence angle and square of the hydraulic diameter. The pressure drop increases anomalously at 16°, suggesting that flow reversal occurs between 12° and 16°, which agrees with the corresponding value at the conventional scale. For the purpose of predicting pressure drop using straight microchannel theory, an equivalent hydraulic diameter was defined. It is observed that the equivalent hydraulic diameter, located at one-third of the diverging microchannel length from the inlet, becomes mostly independent of the mass flow rate, microchannel hydraulic diameter, length and divergence angle. The pressure drop for a diverging microchannel becomes equal to an equivalent hydraulic diameter uniform cross-section microchannel, suggesting that conventional correlations for straight microchannels can also be applied to diverging microchannels. The data presented in this work are of fundamental importance and can help in optimization of diffuser design used for example in valveless micropumps.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer Nature.
Keywords:Nonuniform Microchannel; Single-Phase Flow; Poiseuille Number.
ID Code:115011
Deposited On:17 Mar 2021 06:00
Last Modified:17 Mar 2021 06:00

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