Behaviour of rarefied gas flow near the junction of a suddenly expanding tube

Varade, Vijay ; Agrawal, Amit ; Pradeep, A. M. (2014) Behaviour of rarefied gas flow near the junction of a suddenly expanding tube Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 739 . pp. 363-391. ISSN 0022-1120

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This paper presents an experimental study of isothermal rarefied gas flow through a tube with sudden expansion in the slip flow regime. The measurements reported here are for nitrogen flowing at low pressures in conventional tubes with sudden expansion area ratios of 1.48, 3.74, 12.43 and 64. The flow is dynamically similar to gas flow in a microchannel as the Knudsen number (0.0001<Kn<0.075) falls in the slip flow regime; the Reynolds number in the smaller section ( Res ) ranges between 0.2 and 837. The static pressure along the wall is measured for different mass flow rates controlled by a mass flow controller and analysed to understand the flow behaviour. The velocity profiles are obtained through a momentum balance and using the pressure measurements. A discontinuity in the slope of pressure at the sudden expansion junction is noted and given special attention. The absence of flow separation is another key feature observed from the measurements. The streamlines are found to be concave near the junction. It is demonstrated that the flow ‘senses’ the oncoming sudden expansion junction and starts adjusting itself much before reaching the junction; this interesting behaviour is attributed to an increased axial momentum diffusion and wall slip. The additional acceleration of the central core of the gas flow causes an increase in the wall shear stress and a larger pressure drop as compared with a straight tube. These results are not previously available and should help in improving understanding of gaseous slip flows.

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Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Cambridge University Press.
ID Code:114991
Deposited On:17 Mar 2021 05:56
Last Modified:17 Mar 2021 05:56

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