A multi-stage model for drop breakage in stirred vessels

Kumar, Sanjeev ; Kumar, R. ; Gandhi, K. S. (1992) A multi-stage model for drop breakage in stirred vessels Chemical Engineering Science, 47 (5). pp. 971-980. ISSN 0009-2509

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/000925...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-2509(92)80224-Z


Existing models for dmax predict that, in the limit of μd → ∞, dmax increases with μ power of μd. Further, at low values of interfacial tension, dmax becomes independent of σ even at moderate values of μd. However, experiments contradict both the predictions show that dmax dependence on μd is much weaker, and that, even at very low values of σ, dmax does not become independent of it. A model is proposed to explain these results. The model assumes that a drop circulates in a stirred vessel along with the bulk fluid and repeatedly passes through a deformation zone followed by a relaxation zone. In the deformation zone, the turbulent inertial stress tends to deform the drop, while the viscous stress generated in the drop and the interfacial stress resist deformation. The relaxation zone is characterized by absence of turbulent stress and hence the drop tends to relax back to undeformed state. It is shown that a circulating drop, starting with some initial deformation, either reaches a steady state or breaks in one or several cycles. dmax is defined as the maximum size of a drop which, starting with an undeformed initial state for the first cycle, passes through deformation zone infinite number of times without breaking. The model predictions reduce to that of Lagisetty. (1986) for moderate values of μd and σ. The model successfully predicts the reduced dependence of dmax on μd at high values of μd as well as the dependence of dmax on σ at low values of σ. The data available in literature on dmax could be predicted to a greater accuracy by the model in comparison with existing models and correlations.

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