Parametric Understanding of Electro-Chemical Buffing (ECB) Using Current-Voltage Characterization

Tailor, Piyushkumar B. ; Agrawal, Amit ; Joshi, Suhas S. (2015) Parametric Understanding of Electro-Chemical Buffing (ECB) Using Current-Voltage Characterization Machining Science and Technology, 19 (3). pp. 440-459. ISSN 1091-0344

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:

Related URL:


In recent times, the electro-chemical buffing (ECB) process is being used as a substitute for electro-polishing as it gives a clean and hygienic surface with nano-scale surface finish. This environmentally friendly process finds applications in polishing of ultra-high vacuum systems, niobium SRF cavity and high-purity components. Despite being known over a long time, the process mechanism involving passive layers formation and consequent nano-metric finish generation have not been discussed adequately in the open domain. This article, therefore, focuses on the characterization of ECB process by capturing current-voltage (I-V) relationship as a function of processing parameters. The parametric settings that give the largest passive zone as obtained from the I-V relationship, have been explored in detail using response surface methodology-based experimentation. The I-V characterization shows that the width of passive or constant current region is the largest for 10% concentration of electrolyte, 100 μm inter-electrode gap, 25 LPH flow of electrolyte and 900 rpm of buff-head. A higher surface finish improvement and minimum surface roughness of 30.66 nm is achieved at comparatively moderate concentration and high flow rate of electrolyte, smaller inter-electrode gap and high rotational speed of the buff-head in the ECB process.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Informa UK Limited.
Keywords:Electro-Chemical Buffing (ECB); I-V Characteristic; Passive Layer; Response Surface Method; Surface Finish.
ID Code:114978
Deposited On:17 Mar 2021 05:44
Last Modified:17 Mar 2021 05:44

Repository Staff Only: item control page