Direct methanol fuel cells for vehicular applications

Shukla, A. K. ; Ravikumar, M. K. ; Gandhi, K. S. (1998) Direct methanol fuel cells for vehicular applications Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 2 (2). pp. 117-122. ISSN 1432-8488

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Dramatic technological advances for the proton exchange membrane fuel cell have focused attention on this technology for motor vehicles. The fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) have the potential to compete with the petroleum-fueled internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) in cost and performance while effectively addressing air quality, energy insecurity, and global warming concerns. Methanol being a liquid can be easily transported and can be supplied from the existing network of oil company distribution sites. Recently, combining improved catalysts with fuel cell engineering, it has been possible to overcome some of the difficulties that have frustrated previous research and development efforts in realizing a commercially viable direct methanol fuel cell. Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) with power densities between 0.2 and 0.4 W/cm2 at operational temperatures in the range 95-130°C have been developed. These power densities are sufficient to suggest that stack construction is well worth while. This paper reviews recent advances and technical challenges in the field of DMFCs.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag.
Keywords:Methanol; Fuel Cell; Vehicle; Nafion; Direct Methanol Fuel Cell
ID Code:11493
Deposited On:16 Nov 2010 13:53
Last Modified:17 Jul 2012 08:35

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