Simulation of precipitation reactions in reverse micelles

Bandyopadhyaya, Rajdip ; Kumar, R. ; Gandhi, K. S. (2000) Simulation of precipitation reactions in reverse micelles Langmuir, 16 (18). pp. 7139-7149. ISSN 0743-7463

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Precipitation involving mixing of two sets of reverse micellar solutions - containing a reactant and precipitant respectively - has been analyzed. Particle formation in such systems has been simulated by a Monte Carlo (MC) scheme (Li, Y.; Park, C. W. Langmuir 1999, 15, 952), which however is very restrictive in its approach. We have simulated particle formation by developing a general Monte Carlo scheme, using the interval of quiescence technique (IQ). It uses Poisson distribution with realistic, low micellar occupancies of reactants, Brownian collision of micelles with coalescence efficiency, fission of dimers with binomial redispersion of solutes, finite nucleation rate of particles with critical number of molecules, and instantaneous particle growth. With the incorporation of these features, the previous work becomes a special case of our simulation. The present scheme was then used to predict experimental data on two systems. The first is the experimental results of Lianos and Thomas (Chem. Phys. Lett. 1986, 125, 299, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 1987, 117, 505) on formation of CdS nanoparticles. They reported the number of molecules in a particle as a function of micellar size and reactant concentrations, which have been predicted very well. The second is on the formation of Fe(OH)3 nanoparticles, reported by Li and Park. Our simulation in this case provides a better prediction of the experimental particle size range than the prediction of the authors. The present simulation scheme is general and can be applied to explain nanoparticle formation in other systems.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:11474
Deposited On:16 Nov 2010 13:55
Last Modified:11 May 2012 10:25

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