Modeling of precipitation in reverse micellar systems

Bandyopadhyaya, Rajdip ; Kumar, R. ; Gandhi, K. S. (1997) Modeling of precipitation in reverse micellar systems Langmuir, 13 (14). pp. 3610-3620. ISSN 0743-7463

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A model of the precipitation process in reverse micelles has been developed to calculate the size of fine particles obtained therein. While the method shares several features of particle nucleation and growth common to precipitation in large systems, complexities arise in describing the processes of nucleation, due to the extremely small size of a micelle and of particle growth caused by fusion among the micelles. Occupancy of micelles by solubilized molecules is governed by Poisson statistics, implying most of them are empty and cannot nucleate of its own. The model therefore specifies the minimum number of solubilized molecules required to form a nucleus which is used to calculate the homogeneous nucleation rate. Simultaneously, interaction between micelles is assumed to occur by Brownian collision and instantaneous fusion. Analysis of time scales of various events shows growth of particles to be very fast compared to other phenomena occurring. This implies that nonempty micelles either are supersaturated or contain a single precipitated particle and allows application of deterministic population balance equations to describe the evolution of the system with time. The model successfully predicts the experimental measurements of Kandori et al.3 on the size of precipitated CaCO3 particles, obtained by carbonation of reverse micelles containing aqueous Ca(OH)2 solution.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:11470
Deposited On:16 Nov 2010 13:55
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