Modeling of freezing phenomena induced by chemical reactions

Gandhi, K. S. (2009) Modeling of freezing phenomena induced by chemical reactions Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 48 (21). pp. 9755-9762. ISSN 0888-5885

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Spatial variations in the concentration of a reactive solute in solution are often encountered in a catalyst particle, and this leads to variation in the freezing point of the solution. Depending on the operating temperature, this can result in freezing of the solvent on a portion of catalyst, rendering that part of the active area ineffective. Freezing can occur by formation of a sharp front or a mush that separates the solid and fluid phases. In this paper, we model the extent of reduction in the active area due to freezing. Assuming that the freezing point decreases linearly with solute concentration, conditions for freezing to occur have been derived. At steady state, the ineffective fraction of catalyst pellet is found to be the same irrespective of the mode of freezing. Progress of freezing is determined by both the heat of reaction and the latent heat of fusion. Unlike in freezing of alloys where the latter plays a dominant role, the exothermicity of the reaction has a significant effect on freezing in the presence of chemical reactions. A dimensionless group analogous to the Stefan number could be defined to capture the combined effect of both of these.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:11458
Deposited On:16 Nov 2010 13:56
Last Modified:02 Jun 2011 04:28

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