Alternative mechanisms of drop breakup in stirred vessels

Kumar, Sanjeev ; Ganvir, Vivek ; Satyanand, C. ; Kumar, R. ; Gandhi, K. S. (1998) Alternative mechanisms of drop breakup in stirred vessels Chemical Engineering Science, 53 (18). pp. 3269-3280. ISSN 0009-2509

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Kumar et al. (1991, Chem. Engng Sci. 46, 2483-2489) have shown that in a stirred vessel, size of the largest stable drop, dmax, first increases with φ (holdup of the dispersed phase) at low φ, but decreases with φ at high φ. They have proposed two additional mechanisms of breakage-in shear and elongational flow regions in the front of the impeller blade-that operate along with the hitherto accepted mechanism due to turbulent fluctuations, and conclude that dmax at high φ is controlled by breakage in shear flows in the range of parameters investigated by them. We show in this paper that their model is deficient on various counts. The new model proposed here overcomes these deficiencies. It predicts that at high φ, dmax is controlled by breakage in the accelerating flow in the tip region of a rotating blade. The model predicts the data of Kumar et al. (1991) and Boye et al. (1996, Chem. Engng Commun. 143, 149-167). New experiments were also conducted to discriminate between the two proposed mechanisms. The experiments independently confirm that drop breakage at high φ is indeed controlled by accelerating flow. The model could predict the new experimental data also quite well.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Drop Breakage; Emulsion; Agitated Vessel; Elongational Flow
ID Code:11456
Deposited On:16 Nov 2010 13:56
Last Modified:02 Jun 2011 05:00

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