Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy - identification of cause and risk stratification through exome sequencing

Biswas, Amitabh ; Das, Soumi ; Kapoor, Mitali ; Shamsudheen, Karuthedath Vellarikkal ; Jayarajan, Rijith ; Verma, Ankit ; Seth, Sandeep ; Bhargava, Balram ; Scaria, Vinod ; Sivasubbu, Sridhar ; Rao, V. R. (2018) Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy - identification of cause and risk stratification through exome sequencing Gene, 660 . pp. 151-156. ISSN 0378-1119

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2018.03.062


Background: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) with variable clinical presentations and heterogeneity is the common cause of sudden cardiac death. Genetic diagnosis is challenging in these complex diseases but exome sequencing as a genetic diagnostic tool provides explainable results. Methods: In a familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy with multigenerational inheritance with apparent phenotype, had a history of sudden death and severe arrhythmia followed by implantation of Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Exome sequencing (100×) trailed by effective filtering steps for exome variants on the basis of different parameters, segregated variants are prioritized for the disease and further clinical relevance are evaluated for the variants. Results: A rare causal variant in troponin-T gene (TNNT2, NM_000364.3;c.274C > T;p.Arg92Trp) is identified, shared by only affected members, absent in unaffected members and also in 200 unrelated control chromosomes. TNNT2 mutation act as a driver mutation but mutations in other disease-related genes, KCNMB1, LPL, APOE and other biochemical factors provides risk stratification within affected family members. Conclusion: This study contributes to the role of “rare variants” in complex disease phenotypes and heterogeneity within family and the necessity of whole exome targeted approaches in complex cardiomyopathy, which are known to harbor private mutations.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Troponin T; Phenotypic Heterogeneity; Cardiac Hypertrophy; Next Generation Sequencing
ID Code:114490
Deposited On:04 Jun 2018 08:06
Last Modified:04 Jun 2018 08:06

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