Vapor phase oxidation of 4-fluorotoluene over vanadia-titania catalyst

Maurya, Sushil K. ; Patil, Pratap ; Umbarkar, Shubhangi B. ; Gurjar, Mukund K. ; Dongare, Mohan ; Rudiger, Stephan ; Kemnitz, Erhard (2005) Vapor phase oxidation of 4-fluorotoluene over vanadia-titania catalyst Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 234 (1-2). pp. 51-57. ISSN 1381-1169

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The vapor phase oxidation of 4-fluorotoluene has been carried out over vanadia-titania catalysts with moderate conversion and selectivity for 4-fluorobenzaldehyde. Two series of V2O5/TiO2 catalysts with 1-10 mol% vanadia were prepared by sol-gel technique using vanadium and titanium peroxide as vanadia and titania precursors respectively and by impregnation technique using vanadium peroxide on anatase titania support. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, NH3-TPD, FT-IR and BET surface area measurements. The XRD of the catalysts prepared by impregnation technique showed retention of the anatase titania whereas the catalysts prepared by sol-gel technique showed the formation of rutile titania with minor amount of anatase phase at lower vanadia content (1-3%), which completely transformed into anatase phase at higher vanadia loading. The samples prepared by sol-gel method showed higher acidity and surface area compared to the samples prepared by impregnation. Pyridine adsorption study by FT-IR revealed the presence of Lewis acidity at lower vanadia loading (1-3%) and presence of both Lewis as well as Bronsted acidity at higher vanadia loading. The catalytic activity for oxidation of 4-fluorotoluene increased with vanadia loading in the sol-gel catalysts. The catalysts prepared by impregnation technique were found to be less active. However the selectivity for 4-fluorobenzaldehyde decreased with increase in vanadia content. The influence of vanadia loading, reaction temperature and contact time on the catalytic activity for 4-fluorotoluene oxidation has been investigated. The structure of the catalyst and its catalytic activity has been correlated.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Oxidation; Fluorotoluene; Vanadia-titania; Catalyst; Vapor Phase
ID Code:11449
Deposited On:09 Nov 2010 06:16
Last Modified:02 Jun 2011 09:43

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