First Results on the Epoch of Reionization from first light with SARAS 2

Singh, Saurabh ; Subrahmanyan, Ravi ; Shankar, N. Udaya ; Rao, Mayuri Sathyanarayana ; Fialkov, Anastasia ; Cohen, Aviad ; Barkana, Rennan ; Girish, B. S. ; Raghunathan, A. ; Somashekar, R. ; Srivani, K. S. (2017) First Results on the Epoch of Reionization from first light with SARAS 2 The Astrophysical Journal, 845 (2). Article ID L12. ISSN 0004-637X

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Long-wavelength spectral distortions in the cosmic microwave background arising from the 21 cm transition in neutral hydrogen are a key probe of the Cosmic Dawn and the Epoch of Reionization. These features may reveal the nature of the first stars and ultra-faint galaxies that transformed the spin temperature and ionization state of the primordial gas. SARAS 2 is a spectral radiometer purposely designed for the precision measurement of these monopole or all-sky global 21 cm spectral distortions. We use 63 hr nighttime observations of the radio background in the frequency band 110–200 MHz, with the radiometer deployed at the Timbaktu Collective in Southern India, to derive likelihoods for plausible redshifted 21 cm signals predicted by theoretical models. First light with SARAS 2 disfavors the class of models that feature weak X-ray heating (with fx ≤ 0.1) and rapid reionization (with peak dTb/dz ≥ 120 mK per unit redshift interval).

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Astronomical Society.
Keywords:Cosmic Background Radiation; Cosmology: Observations; Dark Ages; Reionization; First Stars; Methods: Observational
ID Code:114360
Deposited On:21 May 2018 06:45
Last Modified:21 May 2018 06:45

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