Binding of hen egg white lysozyme fibrils with nucleic acids

Ghosh, Sudeshna ; Pandey, Nitin K. ; Sen, Sambuddha ; Tripathy, Debi Ranjan ; Dasgupta, Swagata (2013) Binding of hen egg white lysozyme fibrils with nucleic acids Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 127 . pp. 52-60. ISSN 1011-1344

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Non proteinaceous substances are found to be associated with toxic protein aggregates commonly known as fibrils. Hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) is able to form fibrillar species under various conditions. Here for the first time we report concentration dependent binding affinities of preformed HEWL fibrils towards DNA and RNA at physiological pH (pH 7.4). We have found that HEWL fibrils bind with DNA and RNA that is distinctly different when compared to native HEWL. The association constant (Ka) of native HEWL and ct-DNA at pH 7.4 is 6.8 × 105 M−1. We have also investigated the conformational alterations of DNA that occur on binding with HEWL fibrils. Our study has demonstrated dominant electrostatic interactions between oppositely charged polyelectrolytes which accounts for the binding of nucleic acids with fibrils. The affinity between the moieties could lead to disruption in the functions of cellular components that might be attributed to the toxicity of the aggregates formed in vivo.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Hen Egg White Lysozyme; Fibrils; Nucleic Acids; Interaction
ID Code:113760
Deposited On:10 May 2018 11:45
Last Modified:10 May 2018 11:45

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