Therapeutic implication of ‘Iturin A’ for targeting MD-2/TLR4 complex to overcome angiogenesis and invasion

Dey, Goutam ; Bharti, Rashmi ; Ojha, Probir Kumar ; Pal, Ipsita ; Rajesh, Y. ; Banerjee, Indranil ; Banik, Payel ; Parida, Sheetal ; Parekh, Aditya ; Sen, Ramkrishna ; Mandal, Mahitosh (2017) Therapeutic implication of ‘Iturin A’ for targeting MD-2/TLR4 complex to overcome angiogenesis and invasion Cellular Signalling, 35 . pp. 24-36. ISSN 0898-6568

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Tumor angiogenesis and invasion are deregulated biological processes that drive multistage transformation of tumors from a benign to a life-threatening malignant state activating multiple signaling pathways including MD-2/TLR4/NF-κB. Development of potential inhibitors of this signaling is emerging area for discovery of novel cancer therapeutics. In the current investigation, we identified Iturin A (A lipopeptide molecule from Bacillus megaterium) as a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis and cancer invasion by various in vitro and in vivo methods. Iturin A was found to suppress VEGF, a powerful inducer of angiogenesis and key player in tumor invasion, as confirmed by ELISA, western blot and real time PCR. Iturin A inhibited endothelial tube arrangement, blood capillary formation, endothelial sprouting and vascular growth inside the matrigel. In addition, Iturin A inhibited MMP-2/9 expression in MDA-MB-231 and HUVEC cells. Cancer invasion, migration and colony forming ability were significantly hampered by Iturin A. Expressions of MD-2/TLR4 and its downstream MyD88, IKK-α and NF-κB were also reduced in treated MDA-MB-231 and HUVEC cells. Western blot and immunofluorescence study showed that nuclear accumulation of NF-κB was hampered by Iturin A. MD-2 siRNA or plasmid further confirmed the efficacy of Iturin A by suppressing MD-2/TLR4 signaling pathway. The in silico docking study showed that the Iturin A interacted well with the MD-2 in MD-2/TLR4 receptor complex. Conclusively, inhibition of MD-2/TLR4 complex with Iturin A offered strategic advancement in cancer therapy.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:TLR4; Tumor Angiogenesis; Invasion; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell (HUVEC); MD-2 (Myeloid Differentiation Factor 2)
ID Code:113320
Deposited On:09 May 2018 09:03
Last Modified:09 May 2018 09:03

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