Low deformation rate in the Koyna–Warna region, a reservoir triggered earthquake site in west-central stable India

Catherine, J. K. ; Gahalaut, V. K. ; Kundu, Bhaskar ; Ambikapathy, A. ; Yadav, Rajeev Kumar ; Bansal, Amit ; Narsaiah, M. ; Naidu, S. M. (2015) Low deformation rate in the Koyna–Warna region, a reservoir triggered earthquake site in west-central stable India Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 97 (Part A). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1367-9120

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2014.10.013


We analyse nine years of GPS measurements of crustal deformation from the Koyna–Warna region within the stable India plate. The Koyna–Warna region experienced a strong earthquake on 10 December 1967 (M 6.3) that is considered to have been induced by the impoundment of the Koyna reservoir and the continuing earthquake activity in the region is considered to be associated with the Koyna and Warna reservoirs. The earthquakes occur in a very small region of 30 × 10 km2 in two well defined seismic zones, the NNE–SSW trending Koyna Seismic zone, and the NNW–SSE trending Warna Seismic Zone. These zones are characterised by predominantly left-lateral strike slip motion and normal motion, respectively. In 2003, we initiated campaign-mode GPS measurements in the region. Analysis of the GPS data collected over nine years indicate low to moderate deformation rate (<2 ± 0.5 mm/year) at a few sites within and close to the fault zones and no resolvable deformation elsewhere. This has been seen in many intra-plate seismic regions of the world with varying causative mechanism for the deformation. In the Koyna Warna region, the observed surface displacement rates of up to 2 mm/year near the fault zones are consistent with a fault slip rate of about 7 mm/year, and with the inferred sense of motion on the faults. The inferred fault slip rate is consistent with the total moment release during earthquakes of past six years in the Koyna Warna region which may imply that the ongoing earthquake activity causes the deformation in the region.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Koyna Warna Region; Reservoir Triggered Earthquakes; GPS Measurements; Crustal Deformation; Slip Rate; Intraplate Deformation
ID Code:112860
Deposited On:07 Jun 2018 07:27
Last Modified:07 Jun 2018 07:27

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