Seismological, geodetic, macroseismic and historical context of the 2016 Mw 6.7 Tamenglong (Manipur) India earthquake

Gahalaut, V. K. ; Martin, Stacey S. ; Srinagesh, D. ; Kapil, S. L. ; Suresh, G. ; Saikia, Saurav ; Kumar, Vikas ; Dadhich, Harendra ; Patel, Aqeel ; Prajapati, Sanjay K. ; Shukla, H. P. ; Gautam, J. L. ; Baidya, P. R. ; Mandal, Saroj ; Jain, Ashish (2016) Seismological, geodetic, macroseismic and historical context of the 2016 Mw 6.7 Tamenglong (Manipur) India earthquake Tectonophysics, 688 . pp. 36-48. ISSN 0040-1951

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The 2016 Mw 6.7 Tamenglong earthquake (in the state of Manipur in northeastern India) on 4 January 2016 at 04:35 Indian Standard Time (3 January, 23:05 UTC) was the strongest earthquake to strike Manipur since 1988. Using data from Indian stations, we constrain the hypocentral depth of the mainshock at 59 ± 3.8 km and determine a strike-slip mechanism with a moderate reverse component on a steeply dipping plane. Though coseismic offsets from GPS measurements from four nearby sites were inadequate to provide further constraints on the focal mechanism, they were consistent with the magnitude and hypocentral depth of the earthquake. The epicentre of the mainshock was located 15-km west of the Churachandpur Mao Fault (CMF) but it was unrelated to this structure and was instead a typical intra-slab earthquake within the Indian plate. A strong motion instrument at the Loktak Power Station (LOK), 56-km from the epicentre, recorded a peak ground acceleration (PGA) of 0.027g while a PGA of 0.103g was recorded at Shillong (SHL) at an epicentral distance of 111-km. We also present macroseismic observations from 461 locations in north-eastern India and the adjacent areas for this earthquake. The highest intensities (∼7 EMS) were observed in the Manipur Valley and in the hills to the west while shaking was perceptible as far as Delhi and Jaipur. Lastly, we present a catalogue of 333 felt earthquakes in Manipur from 1588 ± 1 CE to 1955 derived from the royal chronicle of the kings of Manipur known as the Cheitharon Kumpapa, discuss important historical earthquakes in the region, and also estimate intensity magnitudes for the 1852 (MI 6.5 ± 0.8), 1869 (MI 7.1 ± 0.7), 1880 (MI 6.3 ± 0.7) and 2016 (MI 6.8 ± 0.8) earthquakes.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Indo-Burmese Wedge; Sagaing Fault; Earthquake Focal Mechanisms; Intra-slab Earthquakes; Historical Earthquakes
ID Code:112753
Deposited On:07 Jun 2018 06:31
Last Modified:07 Jun 2018 06:31

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