Exploring anti-malarial potential of FDA approved drugs: an in silico approach

Ramakrishnan, Gayatri ; Chandra, Nagasuma ; Srinivasan, Narayanaswamy Exploring anti-malarial potential of FDA approved drugs: an in silico approach Malaria Journal, 16 (1). Article ID 290. ISSN 1475-2875

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Official URL: https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-017-1937-2


Background: The critically important issue on emergence of drug-resistant malarial parasites is compounded by cross resistance, where resistance to one drug confers resistance to other chemically similar drugs or those that share mode of action. This aspect requires discovery of new anti-malarial compounds or formulation of new combination therapy. The current study attempts to contribute towards accelerating anti-malarial drug development efforts, by exploring the potential of existing FDA-approved drugs to target proteins of Plasmodium falciparum. Methods: Using comparative sequence and structure analyses, FDA-approved drugs, originally developed against other pathogens, were identified as potential repurpose-able candidates against P. falciparum. The rationale behind the undertaken approach is the likeliness of small molecules to bind to homologous targets. Such a study of evolutionary relationships between established targets and P. falciparum proteins aided in identification of approved drug candidates that can be explored for their anti-malarial potential. Results: Seventy-one FDA-approved drugs were identified that could be repurposed against P. falciparum. A total of 89 potential targets were recognized, of which about 70 are known to participate in parasite housekeeping machinery, protein biosynthesis, metabolic pathways and cell growth and differentiation, which can be prioritized for chemotherapeutic interventions. An additional aspect of prioritization of predicted repurpose-able drugs has been explored on the basis of ability of the drugs to permeate cell membranes, i.e., lipophilicity, since the parasite resides within a parasitophorous vacuole, within the erythrocyte, during the blood stages of infection. Based on this consideration, 46 of 71 FDA-approved drugs have been identified as feasible repurpose-able candidates against P. falciparum, and form a first-line for laboratory investigations. At least five of the drugs identified in the current analysis correspond to existing antibacterial agents already under use as repurposed anti-malarial agents. Conclusions: The drug-target associations predicted, primarily by taking advantage of evolutionary information, provide a valuable resource of attractive and feasible candidate drugs that can be readily taken through further stages of anti-malarial drug development pipeline.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to BioMed Central.
Keywords:Antimalarial Agents; Drug Repurposing; Drug Targets; Plasmodium falciparum; Sequence Analysis
ID Code:112547
Deposited On:18 Apr 2018 12:09
Last Modified:18 Apr 2018 12:09

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