Disturbance dynamo effects over low-latitude F region: a study by network of VHF spaced receivers

Kakad, B. ; Surve, G. ; Tiwari, P. ; Yadav, V. ; Bhattacharyya, A. (2017) Disturbance dynamo effects over low-latitude F region: a study by network of VHF spaced receivers Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122 (5). pp. 5670-5686. ISSN 0148-0227

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016JA0...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023498


Generation of equatorial spread F (ESF) irregularities resulting from magnetic disturbance is known for past few decades. However, better prediction models for this phenomenon are still lacking. Magnetic storms also affects the F region plasma drifts. In this work we examined variability in (i) occurrence of such freshly generated ESF and (ii) low-latitude F region zonal plasma drifts over Indian longitude. For this purpose simultaneous observations of amplitude scintillations on 251 MHz signal, recorded by a network of spaced receivers located at low-latitude stations, are utilized. Observational stations are situated such that it longitudinally (latitudinally) covers an area of 5.6° (13°). Here effect of disturbance dynamo (DD) electric field at low-latitude F region and its variability are studied for three magnetic storms occurring in 2011. These magnetic storms are having nearly similar type characteristics except their start time. We find that as time difference (i.e., ΔT) between local sunset and start of magnetic activity decreases, the DD effects seen at low-latitude F region zonal irregularity drift around midnight becomes stronger. For a given magnetic storm the DD effect on F region zonal irregularity drifts is found to be only marginally stronger at dip equator in comparison to off-equatorial stations. Although effect of DD on F region zonal irregularity drifts are felt simultaneously, generation of fresh ESF is variable within a smaller longitudinal belt of 5.6°. It is attributed to the presence of LSWS at the bottomside of F region, as initiation of ESF is highly likely (unlikely) in the vicinity of crest (trough) of such LSWS.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Geophysical Union
ID Code:112414
Deposited On:10 Jan 2018 11:42
Last Modified:10 Jan 2018 11:42

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