In vitro and in vivo regulation of assimilatory nitrite reductase from Candida utilis

Sengupta, S. ; Shaila, Melkote Subbarao ; Rao, Gannamani Ramananda (1997) In vitro and in vivo regulation of assimilatory nitrite reductase from Candida utilis Archives of Microbiology, 168 (3). pp. 215-224. ISSN 0302-8933

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The nitrate assimilation pathway in Candida utilis, as in other assimilatory organisms, is mediated by two enzymes: nitrate reductase and nitrite reductase. Purified nitrite reductase has been shown to be a heterodimer consisting of 58- and 66-kDa subunits. In the present study, nitrite reductase was found to be capable of utilising both NADH and NADPH as electron donors. FAD, which is an essential coenzyme, stabilised the enzyme during the purification process. The enzyme was modified by cysteine modifiers, and the inactivation could be reversed by thiol reagents. One cysteine was demonstrated to be essential for the enzymatic activity. In vitro, the enzyme was inactivated by ammonium salts, the end product of the pathway, proving that the enzyme is assimilatory in function. In vivo, the enzyme was induced by nitrate and repressed by ammonium ions. During induction and repression, the levels of nitrite reductase mRNA, protein and enzyme activity were modulated together, which indicated that the primary level of regulation of this enzyme was at the transcriptional level. When the enzyme was incubated with ammonium salts in vitro or when the enzyme was assayed in cells grown with the same salts as the source of nitrogen, the residual enzymatic activities were similar. Thus, a study of the in vitro inactivation can give a clue to understanding the mechanism of in vivo regulation of nitrite reductase in Candida utilis.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag.
Keywords:Candida Utilis; Nitrite Reductase; Electron Donors; Cysteine Modification; Transcriptional Control
ID Code:112202
Deposited On:31 Jan 2018 04:06
Last Modified:31 Jan 2018 04:06

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