Controlling the microstructure of reverse micelles and their templating effect on shaping nanostructures

Sharma, Soma ; Yadav, Nitin ; Chowdhury, Pramit K. ; Ganguli, Ashok K. (2015) Controlling the microstructure of reverse micelles and their templating effect on shaping nanostructures Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 119 (34). pp. 11295-11306. ISSN 1520-6106

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:

Related URL:


Reverse micelles as nanoreactors have been most successful in designing nanostructures of different sizes and shapes. Nevertheless, important questions regarding the explicit roles of intrinsic parameters in modifying soft colloid templates which eventually give rise to variety of nanostructures are still unresolved. In this paper, we have focused on this challenging aspect of microemulsion based synthesis of nanostructures, i.e., how the tunable parameters like water to surfactant molar ratio, solvent properties, and surfactant structure modify the microstructure (size/shape) of reverse micelles (surfactant/cosurfactant/oil/water). Further, we have elucidated the correlation between these nanoreactors with the size and morphology of the evolving nanostructures within the aqueous core (using in situ studies) as well as the finally obtained nanostructures. We have employed fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to obtain details on the microstructural transformation of reverse micelles and their templating behavior on designing nanostructures, at (near) single droplet level and in an ensemble. The structure (size/shape) of nanoreactors, i.e., reverse micelles, finally guides the size and shape of nanostructures. As the water content increases, it induces the micellar growth and subsequently the growth of nanostructures develops linearly up to a critical value beyond which the finite bending modulus of surfactant film triggers the structural rearrangement of microemulsion droplets (MEDs) and the linear plot shows deviation. Bulkiness of the solvent molecules modulates the ME droplets, and MEDs encapsulates nanostructures by influencing the curvature and rigidity of the surfactant film and results in smaller dimensions of the micellar core, which leads to nanostructures with large aspect ratio. The origin of this structural evolution may be explained in terms of solvent molecular structure, which affects the penetrability of solvent molecules into the surfactant tail region. Interestingly, MEDs with cationic surfactants feature the onset of one-dimensional micellar growth and the shape evolves into a nearly prolate spheriod. Consequently, the growth of the micellar core and dynamical exchange in an anisotropic manner leads to the formation of nanorods. The implication of such studies could be far reaching due to the geometry-dependent novel properties and potential applications of anisotropic nanostructures.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:111620
Deposited On:28 Sep 2017 12:24
Last Modified:28 Sep 2017 12:24

Repository Staff Only: item control page