Cu-based nanocomposites as multifunctional catalysts

Kumar, Bharat ; Rao, Gyandshwar Kumar ; Saha, Soumen ; Ganguli, Ashok K. (2016) Cu-based nanocomposites as multifunctional catalysts ChemPhysChem, 17 (1). pp. 155-161. ISSN 1439-4235

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Herein, we report the synthesis of Cu/Cu2O nanocomposites by a one-step hydrothermal process at 180 °C, for which the resulting morphology is dependent on the hydrothermal reaction time (24, 72, and 120 h). With a longer reaction time of 120 h, a rod-shape morphology is obtained, whereas at 72 and 24 h assemblies of nanoparticles are obtained. The rod-shaped (120 h) particles of the Cu/Cu2O nanocomposites show a much higher efficiency (6.3 times) than the agglomerates and 2.5 times more than the assemblies of nanoparticles for the hydrogen-evolution reaction. During the oxygen-evolution reaction, the nanorods produce a current that is 5.2 and 3.7 times higher than that produced by the agglomerated and assembled nanoparticles, respectively. The electrocatalysts are shown to be highly stable for over 50 cycles. As catalysts for organic synthesis, a 100 % yield is achieved in the Sonogashira cross-coupling reaction with the nanorods, which is higher than with the other nanocomposite particles. This result demonstrates the significant enhancement of yield obtained with the nanorods for cross-coupling reactions.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Keywords:Cross-Coupling; Hydrogen-Evolution Reaction; Hydrothermal Synthesis; Nanoparticles; Oxygen-Evolution Reaction
ID Code:111583
Deposited On:28 Sep 2017 12:22
Last Modified:28 Sep 2017 12:22

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