Sustainability assessment of chemical processes: evaluation of three synthesis routes of DMC

Saavalainen, Paula ; Kabra, Satish ; Turpeinen, Esa ; Oravisjarvi, Kati ; Yadav, Ganapati D. ; Keiski, Riitta L. ; Pongracz, Eva (2015) Sustainability assessment of chemical processes: evaluation of three synthesis routes of DMC Journal of Chemistry, 2015 . Article ID 402315. ISSN 2090-9063

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:

Related URL:


This paper suggested multicriteria based evaluation tool to assess the sustainability of three different reaction routes to dimethyl carbonate: direct synthesis from carbon dioxide and methanol, transesterification of methanol and propylene carbonate, and oxidative carbonylation of methanol. The first two routes are CO2-based and in a research and development phase, whereas the last one is a commercial process. The set of environmental, social, and economic indicators selected were renewability of feedstock, energy intensity, waste generation, CO2 balance, yield, feedstock price, process costs, health and safety issues of feedstock, process conditions, and innovation potential. The performance in these indicators was evaluated with the normalized scores from 0 to +1; 0 for detrimental and 1 for favorable impacts. The assessment showed that the transesterification route had the best potential toward sustainability, although there is still much development needed to improve yield. Further, the assessment gave clear understanding of the main benefits of each reaction route, as well as the major challenges to sustainability, which can further aid in orienting development efforts to key issues that need improvement. Finally, it was concluded that a multicriteria analysis such as the one presented in this paper was a viable method to be used in the process design stage.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Hindawi Publishing Corporation.
ID Code:111485
Deposited On:18 Sep 2017 12:07
Last Modified:18 Sep 2017 12:07

Repository Staff Only: item control page