Prevalence of common fusion transcripts in acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report of 304 cases

Chopra, Anita ; Soni, Sushant ; Verma, Deepak ; Kumar, Dev ; Dwivedi, Rahul ; Vishwanathan, Anjali ; Vishwakama, Garima ; Bakhshi, Sameer ; Seth, Rachna ; Gogia, Ajay ; Kumar, Lalit ; Kumar, Rajive (2015) Prevalence of common fusion transcripts in acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report of 304 cases Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology, 11 (4). pp. 293-298. ISSN 1743-7555

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Aim: Information about fusion transcripts in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is used to risk-stratify patients, decide on the treatment and to detect minimal residual disease. This study was conducted to determine the frequency of common fusion transcripts BCR-ABL, TEL-AML1, MLL-AF4 and E2A-PBX1 for B-ALL and SIL-TAL1 for T-ALL as seen at a tertiary care center in India. Methods: Up to 304 new cases of ALL (271 B-ALL and 33 T-ALL) diagnosed on morphology, cytochemistry and immunophenotyping were studied. All were screened for the common fusion transcripts by RT-PCR. Results: Both our B- (218/271; 80.4%) and T-ALL (26/33; 78.8%) patients were largely children. In the B-ALL children, BCR-ABL was detected in 26/218 (11.9%), E2A-PBX1 in 13/218 (5.9%), TEL-AML1 in 16/218 (7.3%) and MLL-AF4 in 3/218 (1.4%) patients. Adult B-ALL cases had BCR-ABL in 15/53 (28.3%) and E2A-PBX in 2/53 (3.8%); however, no other fusion transcript was detected. SIL-TAL1 was found in four of 26 pediatric (15%) and zero of 7 adult T-ALL cases. Conclusion: The higher incidence of BCR-ABL and lower incidence of TEL-AML1 in our ALL patients, both in children and adults as compared with the West, suggests that patients in India may be biologically different. This difference may explain at least in part the higher relapse rate and poorer outcome in our B-ALL cases.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Keywords:Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Common Fusion Transcript; Prevalence
ID Code:111291
Deposited On:25 Sep 2017 12:38
Last Modified:25 Sep 2017 12:38

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