Thermoneutral conditions in dry reforming of ethanol

Kale, Ganesh R. ; Kulkarni, Bhaskar D. (2014) Thermoneutral conditions in dry reforming of ethanol Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 9 (2). pp. 196-204. ISSN 1932-2135

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The reaction enthalpy (ΔH) of reforming processes like steam and dry (CO2) reforming is of great importance for scale-up and process development. Generally, the reforming processes are considered endothermic in nature. However, a detailed study of the reaction enthalpy of reforming process, taking the example of dry reforming of ethanol considered in this study, reveals the existence of exothermic reaction enthalpy at low temperatures. A study of reaction enthalpy of ethanol dry reforming within pressure (1–10 bar), temperature range (300–900 °C), and CO2 to carbon in ethanol ratio (CCER 1–5) was initiated to determine the existence of thermoneutral temperatures for the overall reaction. The variation of thermoneutral conditions and product yields at the thermoneutral temperatures was studied. The utilization potential of the products generated at thermoneutral conditions was also evaluated. The low-pressure thermoneutral operation favored higher hydrogen production, lower methane and water formation, whereas the high-pressure thermoneutral operation favored product gas of lower syngas ratio with higher CO2 conversion (utilization) in the process. The study can be extended to steam and dry reforming of other fuels to generate valuable products at thermoneutral conditions avoiding use of air in the process and subsequent N2 dilution of the product gas.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Keywords:Dry Reforming; Thermoneutral Process; CO2 Utilization; Ethanol to Syngas; Carbon Nanofilaments
ID Code:111147
Deposited On:27 Nov 2017 12:23
Last Modified:27 Nov 2017 12:23

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