Inhibition of mycoplasma cell division by cytochalasin B

Ghosh, Amit ; Maniloff, Jack ; Gerling, David A. (1978) Inhibition of mycoplasma cell division by cytochalasin B Cell, 13 (1). pp. 57-64. ISSN 0092-8674

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Mycoplasma gallisepticum has subcellular organelles which may function as a primitive "mitotic-like" apparatus. To investigate these further, we have studied the effects of cytochalasin B (CB) on M. gallisepticum. We found that CB inhibits cell division; this is the only procaryote thus far reported to be inhibited by CB. CB does not inhibit glucose or macromolecule precursor uptake. It stops cellular DNA synthesis, however, although RNA and protein synthesis continue (at a reduced rate). CB removal results in a resumption of DNA synthesis, followed by cell division. There appears to be some degree of cell synchrony in this first division after CB removal. These results, together with morphological data, indicate that CB blocks at two points in the cell cycle: at the time mitotic-like structures are formed and at the time of cell division. It is suggested that the CB blocks may result from a disruption of actin-like protein structures required at these points in the cell cycle.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
ID Code:11069
Deposited On:09 Nov 2010 04:10
Last Modified:09 Nov 2010 04:10

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