Temperature dependent structural, vibrational and magnetic properties of K3Gd5(PO4)6

Bevara, Samatha ; Achary, S. Nagabhusan ; Mishra, Karuna Kara ; Ravindran, T. R. ; Sinha, Anil K. ; Sastry, P. U. ; Tyagi, Avesh Kumar (2017) Temperature dependent structural, vibrational and magnetic properties of K3Gd5(PO4)6 Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 19 (8). pp. 6030-6041. ISSN 1463-9076

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Official URL: http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2017...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C6CP08086C


Herein we report the evolution of the crystal structure of K3Gd5(PO4)6 in the temperature range from 20 K to 1073 K, as observed from variable temperature X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopic studies. K3Gd5(PO4)6 has an open tunnel containing a three dimensional structure built by [Gd5(PO4)6]3− ions which in turn are formed of PO4 tetrahedra and GdOn (n = 8 and 9) polyhedra. The empty tunnels in the structure are occupied by K+ ions and maintain charge neutrality in the lattice. Evolution of unit cell parameters with temperature shows a systematic increase with temperature. The average axial thermal expansion coefficients between 20 K and 1073 K are: αa = 10.6 × 10−6 K−1, αb = 5.5 × 10−6 K−1 and αc = 16.4 × 10−6 K−1. The evolution of distortion indices of the various coordination polyhedra with temperature indicates a gradual decrease with increasing temperature, while those of Gd2O9 and K2O8 polyhedra show opposite trends. The overall anisotropy of the lattice thermal expansion is found to be controlled largely by the effect of temperature on GdOn polyhedra and their linkages. Temperature dependent Raman spectroscopic studies indicated that the intensities and wavenumbers of most of the Raman modes decrease continuously with increasing temperature. Anharmonic analyses of Raman modes indicated that the lattice, rigid translation and librational modes have larger contributions towards thermal expansion of K3Gd5(PO4)6 compared to high frequency internal modes. The temperature and field dependent magnetic measurements indicated no long range ordering down to 2 K and the observed effective magnetic moment per Gd3+ ion and the Weiss constant are 7.91 μB and 0.38 K, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry.
ID Code:109361
Deposited On:01 Feb 2018 11:39
Last Modified:01 Feb 2018 11:39

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