A repertoire of high-affinity monoclonal antibodies specific to S. typhi: as potential candidate for improved typhoid diagnostic

Sharma, Chandresh ; Sankhyan, Anurag ; Sharma, Tarang ; Khan, Naeem ; Chaudhuri, Susmita ; Kumar, Niraj ; Bhatnagar, Shinjini ; Khanna, Navin ; Tiwari, Ashutosh (2015) A repertoire of high-affinity monoclonal antibodies specific to S. typhi: as potential candidate for improved typhoid diagnostic Immunologic Research, 62 (3). pp. 325-340. ISSN 0257-277X

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12026-0...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12026-015-8663-z


Typhoid fever is a significant global health problem with highest burden on the developing world. The severity of typhoid is often underestimated and currently available serological diagnostic assays are inadequate due to lack in requisite sensitivity and specificity. This underlines an absolute need to develop a reliable and accurate diagnostics that would benefit long-term disease control and treatment and to understand the real disease burden. Here, we have utilized flagellin protein of S.typhi that is surface accessible, abundantly expressed and highly immunogenic for developing immunodiagnostic tests. Flagellin monomers are composed of conserved amino-terminal and carboxy-terminal and serovar-specific middle region. We have generated a panel of murine monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against the middle region of flagellin, purified from large culture of S. typhi to ensure its native conformation. These mAbs showed unique specificity and very high affinity toward S. typhi flagellin without showing any cross-reactivity with other serovars. Genetic analysis of mAbs also revealed high frequency of somatic mutation due to antigenic selection process across variable region to achieve high binding affinity. These antibodies also displayed stable binding in stringent reaction conditions for antigen–antibody interactions, like DMSO, urea, KSCN, guanidinium HCl and extremes of pH. One of the mAbs potentially reversed the TLR5-mediated immune response, in vitro by inhibiting TLR5–flagellin interaction. In our study, binding of these mAbs to flagellin, with high affinity, present on bacterial surface, as well as in soluble form, validates their potential use in developing improved diagnostics with significantly higher sensitivity and specificity.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer Verlag.
Keywords:Flagellin; S. Typhi; Typhoid Fever; Monoclonal Antibodies; TLR5; Typhoid Diagnostics
ID Code:109025
Deposited On:09 Mar 2018 12:10
Last Modified:09 Mar 2018 12:10

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