Probing enzyme location in water-in-oil microemulsion using enzyme–carbon dot conjugates

Das, Krishnendu ; Maiti, Subhabrata ; Das, Prasanta Kumar (2014) Probing enzyme location in water-in-oil microemulsion using enzyme–carbon dot conjugates Langmuir, 30 (9). pp. 2448-2459. ISSN 0743-7463

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This article delineates the formation and characterization of different enzyme–carbon dot conjugates in aqueous medium (pH = 7.0). We used soybean peroxidase (SBP), Chromobacterium viscosum (CV) lipase, trypsin, and cytochrome c (cyt c) for the formation of conjugate either with cationic carbon dot (CCD) or anionic carbon dot (ACD) depending on the overall charge of the protein at pH 7.0. These nanobioconjugates were used to probe the location of enzymes in water-in-oil (w/o) microemulsion. The size of the synthesized water-soluble carbon dots were of 2–3 nm with distinctive emission property. The formation of enzyme/protein–carbon dot conjugates in aqueous buffer was confirmed via fluorescence spectroscopy and zeta potential measurement, and the structural alteration of enzyme/protein was monitored by circular dichroism spectroscopy. Biocatalytic activities of protein/enzymes in conjugation with carbon dots were found to be decreased in aqueous phosphate buffer (pH 7.0, 25 mM). Interestingly, the catalytic activity of the nanobioconjugates of SBP, CV lipase, and cyt c did not reduce in cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)-based reverse micelle. It indicates different localization of carbon dots and the enzymes inside the reverse micelle. The hydrophilic carbon dots always preferred to be located in the water pool of reverse micelle, and thus, enzyme must be located away from the water pool, which is the interface. However, in case of trypsin–carbon dot conjugate, the enzyme activity notably decreased in reverse micelle in the presence of carbon dot in a similar way that was observed in water. This implies that trypsin and carbon dots both must be located at the same place, which is the water pool of reverse micelle. Carbon dot induced deactivation was not observed for those enzymes which stay away from the water pool and localized at the interfacial domain while deactivation is observed for those enzymes which reside at the water pool. Thus, the location of enzymes in the microdomain of w/o microemulsion can be predicted by comparing the activity profile of enzyme–carbon dot conjugate in water and w/o microemulsion.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:108800
Deposited On:01 Feb 2018 11:24
Last Modified:01 Feb 2018 11:24

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