Pyridinium based amphiphilic hydrogelators as potential antibacterial agents

Brahmachari, Sayanti ; Debnath, Sisir ; Dutta, Sounak ; Das, Prasanta Kumar (2010) Pyridinium based amphiphilic hydrogelators as potential antibacterial agents Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 6 . pp. 859-868. ISSN 1860-5397


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The numerous applications of hydrogelators have led to rapid expansion of this field. In the present work we report the facile synthesis of amphiphilic hydrogelators having a quaternary pyridinium unit coupled to a hydrophobic long alkyl chain through an amide bond. Different amphiphiles with various hydrophobic chain length and polar head groups were rationally designed and synthesized to develop a structure-property relation. A judicious combination of hydrophilic and hydrophobic segments led to the development of pyridinium based amphiphilic hydrogelators having a minimum gelation concentration of 1.7%, w/v. Field emission scanning electronic microscopy (FESEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), photoluminescence, FTIR studies, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and 2D NOESY experiments were carried out to elucidate the different non-covalent interactions responsible for the self-assembled gelation. The formation of three-dimensional supramolecular aggregates originates from the interdigitated bilayer packing of the amphiphile leading to the development of an efficient hydrogel. Interestingly, the presence of the pyridinium scaffold along with the long alkyl chain render these amphiphiles inherently antibacterial. The amphiphilic hydrogelators exhibited high antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values as low as 0.4 μg/mL. Cytotoxicity tests using MTT assay showed 50% NIH3T3 cell viability with hydrogelating amphiphile 2 up to 100 μg/mL.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Beilstein Institut.
Keywords:Antibacterial; Bilayer Structure; Hydrogel; Pyridinium; Self-Assembly
ID Code:108607
Deposited On:01 Feb 2018 11:17
Last Modified:01 Feb 2018 11:17

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